Rheumatoid Arthritis: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

 

Rheumatoid Arthritis: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Rheumatoid Arthritis is an autoimmunity condition(autoimmunity is a condition in which cells known as antibodies designated to protect our bodies' systems from harm/infection accidentally attacks our normal tissues).

Rheumatoid arthritis causes swelling and damage to the tissues at the joints and may later progress and start damaging organs. It normally affects joints symmetrically(both joints or joints parallel to each other).

Symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Some of the symptoms that one may have includes; joints pain, joints swelling, joint deformities, loss of joints function.

Risk factors of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Gender(females are more predisposed than males), middle age, obesity, smoking and family history of rheumatoid arthritis.

Diagnosis of Rheumatoid Arthritis

This can be determined by taking the patient's ailment history and examination.

Some of the tests that may be done in diagnosis making includes: Rheumatoid factor, Erythrocyte sedimentation rate, Antinuclear antibodies and C- reactive protein.

Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis

It does not resolve completely. Treatment therefore focuses on controlling its progression/organs damage and improve quality of life of the patient.

Treatment modalities can be classified into three categories; medical(use of disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs- DMARDs), surgical repair for extreme joints damage, healthy lifestyle/diet(exercise/controlled alcohol intake/stop smoking,controlled fat content intake, taking more vegetables/fruits and whole grains).

Complications of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Some of the complications that may be encountered include: osteoporosis (softening of the bones hence making one to be susceptible to fractures), respiratory failure due to the scarring of the lungs' tissues, lowered immunity hence making one to be prone to infections, cardiac failure due to heart damage, lymphoma which is a type of blood cancer.

 

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